java是一种可以撰写跨平台应用软件的面向对象的程序设计语言,是由Sun Microsystems公司于1995年5月推出的Java程序设计语言和Java平台(即JavaEE, JavaME, JavaSE)的总称。本站提供基于Java框架struts,spring,hibernate等的桌面应用、web交互及移动终端的开发技巧与资料

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1 /**
 * 通过HttpServletRequest返回IP地址
 * @param request HttpServletRequest
 * @return ip String
 * @throws Exception
 */
public String getIpAddr(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
    String ip = request.getHeader("x-forwarded-for");
    if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
        ip = request.getHeader("Proxy-Client-IP");
    }
    if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
        ip = request.getHeader("WL-Proxy-Client-IP");
    }
    if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
        ip = request.getHeader("HTTP_CLIENT_IP");
    }
    if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
        ip = request.getHeader("HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR");
    }
    if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
        ip = request.getRemoteAddr();
    }
    return ip;
}

 /**
 * 通过IP地址获取MAC地址
 * @param ip String,127.0.0.1格式
 * @return mac String
 * @throws Exception
 */
public String getMACAddress(String ip) throws Exception {
    String line = "";
    String macAddress = "";
    final String MAC_ADDRESS_PREFIX = "MAC Address = ";
    final String LOOPBACK_ADDRESS = "127.0.0.1";
    //如果为127.0.0.1,则获取本地MAC地址。
    if (LOOPBACK_ADDRESS.equals(ip)) {
        InetAddress inetAddress = InetAddress.getLocalHost();
        //貌似此方法需要JDK1.6。
        byte[] mac = NetworkInterface.getByInetAddress(inetAddress).getHardwareAddress();
        //下面代码是把mac地址拼装成String
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        for (int i = 0; i < mac.length; i&#43;&#43;) {
            if (i != 0) {
                sb.append("-");
            }
            //mac[i] & 0xFF 是为了把byte转化为正整数
            String s = Integer.toHexString(mac[i] & 0xFF);
            sb.append(s.length() == 1 ? 0 &#43; s : s);
        }
        //把字符串所有小写字母改为大写成为正规的mac地址并返回
        macAddress = sb.toString().trim().toUpperCase();
        return macAddress;
    }
    //获取非本地IP的MAC地址
    try {
        Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("nbtstat -A " &#43; ip);
        InputStreamReader isr = new InputStreamReader(p.getInputStream());
        BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(isr);
        while ((line = br.readLine()) != null) {
            if (line != null) {
                int index = line.indexOf(MAC_ADDRESS_PREFIX);
                if (index != -1) {
                    macAddress = line.substring(index &#43; MAC_ADDRESS_PREFIX.length()).trim().toUpperCase();
                }
            }
        }
        br.close();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace(System.out);
    }
    return macAddress;
}

因为水平有限,难免有疏忽或者不准确的地方,希望大家能够直接指出来,我会及时改正。一切为了知识的分享。

后续会有更多的精彩的内容分享给大家。